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What is Neurology?

Neurology is a branch of medicine that deals with the treatment of organic diseases of the nervous system.

Diseases of the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord), the peripheral nervous system (nerve roots, nerve plexuses and peripheral nerves) and muscles all fall into the category of neurology.

Common neurological conditions include
Migraines and headaches
Back pain and herniated disc
Alzheimer’s disease
Parkinson’s disease and movement disorders
Multiple sclerosis
Diabetic polyneuropathy
Carpal tunnel syndrome
Restless legs syndrome (RLS)
Infections of the nervous system such as Lyme disease


Impaired consciousness and thinking and behavioural disorders
e.g loss of consciousness (blackout), problems with memory and concentration, sleep disorders

Sensory disorders
e.g visual disturbances, hearing impairment, balance problems, numbness or tingling sensations, changes in your sense of smell or taste

Impaired movement
e.g. weakness in the arms or legs, hemiplegia, facial paralysis, coordination problems, muscle tremors, muscle cramps, difficulty walking

e.g. headaches and pain in the face, neck pain, shoulder and arm pain, back pain (e.g. lumbago, herniated disc), leg pain

Autonomic problems
e.g. sweating abnormalities, bladder problems, sexual difficulties



Acute pain is often a symptom that warns of an underlying condition. Often the pain becomes chronic, eliminating the warning function of the pain.

The chronic pain then becomes the main problem. In both cases, the involvement of the nervous system needs to be determined: is the pain an indication of an injury to or disease of the nervous system?

Pain which often accompanies a neurological disorder may include headaches, facial pain, neck pain, whiplash injury, back pain (e.g. herniated disc) and leg pain.

Many chronic pain disorders are down to neuropathic pain – the latest findings indicate that this is true in 40 per cent of cases. Neuropathic pain is a result of damage to the peripheral or central nervous system and its treatment is the core area of expertise of neurology. This is why it is often sensible or even necessary for patients suffering from pain to be examined by a neurologist. They can competently decide which diagnostic procedures (see e.g. clinical neurophysiology) are needed and subsequently which therapeutic measures should be carried out. Because, after all, diagnosis is the first step to finding the right therapy.

Specific neuropathic pain disorders include:
Migraines and headaches
Trigeminal neuralgia
Pain resulting from multiple sclerosis
Back pain resulting from a herniated disc
Carpal tunnel syndrome
Pain resulting from diabetic neuropathy
Muscle pain, e.g. from inflammatory muscle diseases

Many different treatment methods are used in neurological pain therapy. The most important types are carried out at our practice, including pharmacological pain therapy, intravenous therapy, acupuncture, TENS, transcranial magnetic stimulation and functional movement training. Other types of therapy, such as physiotherapy, physical therapy, nerve blocks or operations, are carried out in cooperation with a multidisciplinary outpatient care network formed of doctors from all specialist areas and various therapeutic disciplines. This way, our patients are spared long waiting times and hospital stays.

Neurologist Zurich - staefa - Dr. med. Ralf Siedenberg
Neurologist for pain therapy
neurolgoical treatments in switzerland

Neurology in Stäfa ➤ Neurologicum Zürichsee